Difference between revisions of "Secure Shell"

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|[http://www.gnu.org/software/octave/ GNU Octave] || <code>octave</code> || a full-featured alternative to MatLab
|[http://www.gnu.org/software/octave/ GNU Octave] || <code>octave</code> || a full-featured alternative to MatLab
|[http://www.latex-project.org/ LaTeX] || <code>latex</code>, <code>pdflatex</code> || document creation ''done right''
|[http://www.latex-project.org/ LaTeX] || <code>latex</code>, <code>pdflatex</code> ||
|[http://www.vim.org/ Vim] || <code>vim</code> || the ''most'' powerful text editor
|[http://www.vim.org/ Vim] || <code>vim</code> ||
|[http://www.gnu.org/software/emacs/ GNU Emacs] || <code>emacs</code> || the ''most'' powerful text editor
|[http://www.gnu.org/software/emacs/ GNU Emacs] || <code>emacs</code> ||
|[http://git-scm.com/ Git] || <code>git</code> ||
|[http://git-scm.com/ Git] || <code>git</code> ||

Revision as of 17:01, 9 June 2013

Secure Shell (SSH) is an Internet communication protocol used to exchange data between two computers using a secure channel.

Members can access their LUG account remotely via SSH.


Note Note: in the following examples, remember to replace "user" with your actual LUG username.

From the terminal

To initiate a normal SSH session from a remote terminal (e.g. your laptop):

 $ ssh user@linux.ucla.edu

or if you want X forwarding:

 $ ssh -X user@linux.ucla.edu

To transfer files and directories, use "scp <from> <to>".

scp from server to local:

 $ scp user@linux.ucla.edu:~/homework1.txt ~/Documents
 $ ls ~/Documents
 ... homework1.txt ...

scp from local to server:

 $ scp ~/Documents/lug.jpg user@linux.ucla.edu:~/
 $ ssh user@linux.ucla.edu ls ~/
 ... lug.jpg ...

Type man ssh or man scp to see a complete user manual for these tools.

From the GUI

KDE (Linux) GNOME (Linux) Windows Macintosh
  1. open Dolphin
  2. Add Entry to Places panel
  3. in "Location" enter: fish://user@linux.ucla.edu
  1. open File Manager
  2. click "Connect to Server"
  3. enter: sftp://user@linux.ucla.edu
  4. optionally bookmark the server
  •  ???

Using SSH keys

Instead of using a password, you can use SSH keys to authenticate with your account.

Run the following interactive command to generate an SSH key pair:

$ ssh-keygen

Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/home/user/.ssh/id_ecdsa): <just hit enter>
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): <use a non-empty passphrase>
Enter same passphrase again:
Your identification has been saved in /home/user/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /home/user/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
7a:15:03:8c:e6:0e:ae:06:c2:e1:8d:0a:11:b6:7e:5e user@hostname
The key's randomart image is:
+--[ RSA 2048]----+
|       o.        |
|..    o ..       |
|...  o    o      |
|.o  . .    o     |
|+.+. o  S .      |
|+= o.E.. .       |
|+.o.. . .        |
|. o.   .         |
| .               |

Note Note: use a passphrase for your key. It should be multiple words (aka a phrase). Learn more about SSH key passphrases.

Note Note: generate your SSH keys on your personal computer. Your private key does not belong to anybody but yourself.

Now you should have two keys: a public key at ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub and a corresponding private key at ~/.ssh/id_rsa. Do not share your private key with anybody. Your public key can be copied to any remote account that supports SSH and you will be able to use your private key to authenticate with it.

E.g. copy your public key to your LUG@UCLA account:

$ ssh-copy-id user@linux.ucla.edu

Consider using ssh-agent so you don't have to type your passphrase every time you use your private key. In most modern desktop environments (e.g. GNOME, KDE) this is handled in a GUI pop-up when you first use your private key.

Type man ssh-keygen, man ssh-copy-id, or man ssh-agent to see a complete user manual for these tools.

Available software

Operating System

Debian stable

Installed Packages

Name Executable Notes
GCC gcc
Python python
OpenJDK java version 6
OCaml ocaml
GNU Prolog gprolog
Racket racket for programming in Scheme
CLISP clisp for programming in Common Lisp
GNU Octave octave a full-featured alternative to MatLab
LaTeX latex, pdflatex
Vim vim
GNU Emacs emacs
Git git
Mercurial hg